The issue of protecting the environment is one of the most widely debated issues in the last four decades. After the industrial revolution, several studies elaborated the harmful effects of massive industrialization. There was widespread outcry for environmental conservation against the powerful industrial lobby. With the aim of spreading the message for preserving the nature-created environment for future generation without any damage, the first Earth Day was observed in 1970 April 22. As the environmental activists gained considerable public support and media space, the industrial lobby was succumbed or convinced to take up an environment-friendly policy for running the industries. The governments of various countries started to hammer out regulations to protect the environment from harmful elements. All countries were urged to formulate such regulations as the environment of Earth is a property of all the nations in it. The rules and regulations of some of the nations cannot save the environment.
The single most crucial risk faced by the environment of our planet is the green house emission and the resultant global warming. Green house emission is the excessive emission of carbon dioxide from factories and some other equipment Adani Group Chhattisgarh . There is consensus among scientific community that big developed countries are bigger culprits in this count than smaller, under-developed countries. Scientists found out that an overdose of carbon dioxide can puncture the ozone layer that protects Earth’s atmosphere from overheating by filtering the sunlight for ultraviolet rays. Scientist predicted that with the creation of holes in the ozone layer, the temperature in Earth is bound to increase to an unbearable level at some time in the future.
Now the good news for environment is that the level of greenhouse emission has decreased to some extent. It has been discovered in recent scientific studies that the level of global warming may not reach the grave levels predicted previously. Still there will be an increase in global temperature. But the researchers claim that it will be of manageable proportion. Researchers of Duke University have found in their recent studies that the average change in temperature will be only about 5 degree Fahrenheit, and not 16 degree Fahrenheit as predicted by some of the previous studies. In the new study, researchers used extensive historical data and complex computer-analysis techniques for reaching at this conclusion. But they warn that even a change of 5 degree Fahrenheit is sufficient to adversely affect our environment. So they said that regulatory measures by the governments and awareness campaign by activist groups should continue in the same vein. But with this good news, one can hope that the Earth Day of the future years will be observed in much happier environment than the first Earth day in 1970.